The Italian Cooperation operates in Mali in support of the policies promoted by the local government aimed at the development of natural resources, and at strengthening the bond of the population with the territory, to cope with the important migration flow coming from the areas most affected by desertification, to mitigate the root causes of migration in their multidimensional aspect, especially for the benefit of young people and women and support the reintegration of returning migrants into their country.
The Italian Cooperation's action is carried out with bilateral programs in partnership with the Government, through Italian NGOs and through international organizations. The humanitarian aspect and the development component are strongly correlated in the country, and require a joint intervention by local institutions and donors, whose strategies are integrated into the European platforms Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative (AGIR), Alliance pour le Sahel , and in the United Nations Unified Strategy.
Recently the interventions of the Italian Cooperation have involved the water, agricultural and social sectors, in particular through the creation of an aqueduct for the supply of the capital Bamako and a water distribution network, and for the promotion of youth employment through the enhancement of the agricultural sector. Emergency initiatives are also active in the areas of food security and basic services for the protection of vulnerable groups victims of armed clashes and internal conflicts, and initiatives aimed at raising public awareness throughout the national territory.